Les Programmes d’Actions et de Prévention des Inondations (PAPI) : Expériences, bilans et perspectives

11ème Rencontre GÉORISQUE
27 & 28 Janvier 2015 – MONTPELLIER

Les inondations représentent près des deux tiers des arrêtés catastrophes naturelles sur le territoire français. En 2011, on estime à près de 6 millions le nombre de personnes susceptibles d’être impactées par une inondation. La gestion de ce risque reste donc une priorité.

Dans le cadre d’une politique de gestion de l’aléa et de réduction de la vulnérabilité des personnes et des territoires, les Programmes d’Actions de Prévention des Inondations (PAPI) ont été lancés en 2002. Ils ont vocation à coordonner à l’échelle du bassin versant les politiques de gestion du risque inondation entre les acteurs locaux et les services de l’Etat.

Après un bilan de la première génération de PAPI 2003-2009, les règles ont été affermies en 2011 et les PAPI sont devenus des outils majeurs de la prévention des inondations en France.

La seconde génération doit se positionner dans le cadre de la Directive européenne Inondation (DI) de 2007 et présente donc un certain nombre de nouveautés.  Leer más de esta entrada

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CIMERA SOBRE EL CLIMA I SETMANA DEL CLIMA A NOVA YORK 2014

Aquest 23 de setembre ha tingut lloc a la ciutat de Nova York una Cimera sobre el Clima convocada pel Secretari General de les Nacions Unides, Ban Ki-moon, amb la voluntat de tancar un acord amb els líders mundials de cara a la Conferència de les Parts que es realitzarà a París (COP21) el desembre del 2015. Coincidint amb la cimera, s’ha dut a terme la sisena edició de la setmana del clima a Nova York, una plataforma internacional anual perquè governs, empreses i societat civil col·laborin en el lideratge i innovació de polítiques basades en la baixa producció d’emissions contaminants. La setmana del clima està organitzada per una associació sense ànim de lucre anomenada Grup del Clima, on el seu màxim objectiu és vetllar per un futur pròsper i de baixes emissions contaminants. Leer más de esta entrada

Testing instrumental and downscaled reanalysis time series for temperature trends in NE of Spain in the last century

M. Turco, R. Marcos, P. Quintana-Seguí, M. C. Llasat

Abstract

In the context of climatic temperature studies, more often than not a time series is affected by artificial inhomogeneities. To overcome such limitation, we propose a new simple methodology in which promising results point not only toward the detection of unknown inhomogeneous periods but also toward the possibility of reconstructing the uncertain portion of the series. It is based on a parsimonious statistical downscaling (Multiple Linear Regression) of the large-scale 20CR reanalysis data. This method is successfully applied upon two long-range temperature series from a couple of centennial observatories (Ebre and Fabra, NE of Spain) which do not have nearby suitable temperature series to compare with. Results of trend analysis point to a clear signal of warming, with a larger rate of increase for the maximum temperature (respect to the minimum one), for the more recent decades (respect to the whole available period), and for the original series (respect to the reconstructed ones).

Article: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-012-0363-9

Post doctoral fellowship at CNRM-GAME (Météo-France-CNRS), Toulouse, France. Evaluation of past and future climate changes over the water resources of the Merguellil (Tunisia) and Tensift (Morocco) river basins

The CNRM-GAME is involved in the AMETHYST project http://anr-amethyst.net (funded by the French national research agency) that aims to analyze the co‐evolutions of the water resources under the influence of global change (climate and anthropogenic changes) and of the water uses trajectories. Two case studies will be considered : the Merguellil catchment (near Kairouan, in central Tunisia) and the Tensift region (near Marrakech, Morocco). They are emblematic of water scarcity issues, with rich complementarities in terms of environmental context, water uses, sector competitions, hydraulic history and current water policies. Leer más de esta entrada

GEORISK 2014 “IMPROVING GEOPHYSICAL RISK ASSESSMENT, FORECASTING, AND MANAGEMENT”

Organization: IUGG Commission on Geophysical Risk and Sustainability

Date and place: November 18-21, 2014, Madrid, Spain

Deadlines: October 15

Registration here!

The goal of the conference


We propose the theme of IMPROVING GEOPHYSICAL RISK ASSESSMENT, FORECASTING, AND MANAGEMENT as the main goal of the conference. What is the essential knowledge-based on Geophysical Risks that scientist, administrators, politicians, economists, emergency managers, citizens, require for sustainable development and for preparedness and emergency management in future crises? There is a growing need to combine natural risks forecasting and assessment techniques to improve the information that officials involved with early warning and management of crises require in order to answer efficiently when they face an emergency. Modern society is making a considerable effort to improve our knowledge of the dynamics of natural systems and their associated hazards, as well as on promoting technological development addressed to early warning and monitoring of natural disasters. However, the integration of scientific and technological achievements into products with a direct applicability to Society has not always been reached. Moreover, natural disasters have been treated separately not only for what concerns to their dynamics, but also with regard to their corresponding forecasting and assessing technologies, when most of them are common or show significant similarities. Therefore, it is easy to assume that a comparison between the scientific and technological research carried out on the different natural hazards, as well as a joint effort of the scientists and technologists who work on assessment and mitigation of natural disasters, would imply considerable social benefits. Consequently, accurate assessment and mitigation programmes, as well as the development of effective tools for management of crisis are necessary to reduce risk and to promote sustainable development.

The conference will analyse the state of the art of relevant aspects in geophysical risk assessment and management, such as modelling and monitoring of hazardous phenomena, hazard assessment methods, quantification of uncertainty in forecasting geophysical hazards, decision making models, communication protocols among the different stakeholders involved in managing geophysical risks, vulnerability assessment methodologies, or education about geophysical risk.

ALL INFORMATION: http://www.georisk2014.com/Home.html

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